Designing a Proposed Educational Program Based on Augmented Reality Technology and Measuring Its Effectiveness in Developing the Skills of Research and Historical Imagination Among Students of the Humanities Track in The Secondary Stage in the City of Mak


  • Zahra Alhassan Almahdawi
  • Fahad Ali Alomairi


education program design, augmented reality technology, historical research skills, historical fiction skills, secondary school


The current study aims to develop a proposed educational program based on augmented reality (AR) technology, in addition to assessing its effectiveness in developing research and historical imagination skills of the Humanities Track's female students at the secondary stage, as well as assessing the correlative and predictive relationships between the amount of growth for the two dependent variables. To achieve this, a secondary school in the city of Makkah Al-Mukarramah was chosen, and an available random sample of (30) female students from the study population was selected. The quasi-experimental approach was followed by this study, particularly one group design. In addition, two tools were used to collect study data, namely: a test of situations for historical searching skills, and a classroom observation card about historical imagination skills. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data of the study by using SPSS. The results of the study revealed that there were statistically significant differences at the level of significance (α ≤0.01) between the mean scores of the study group in the pre and post-applications in the test of situations for historical searching skills, and classroom observation card about historical imagination skills on the side of the post application. In addition, the results showed that there was a significant (high) impact of the proposed educational program on the study sample, as the coefficient of impact for the two dependent variables reached (4.94, and 5.07) respectively, and the Black coefficient of the two independent variables reached (1.32،1.30) respectively, which can be indicative of the high effectiveness of the two dependent variables of the educational program. At the significance of (a≤0.01) between the two dependent variables, a strong positive correlation was proved by the findings, as the correlation coefficient mounted to (0.850). Furthermore, a liner predictive correlation was revealed by the findings, as the value of (b) reached (19.204, 038.) respectively at the significance of (α ≤0.01) between the two dependent variables for searching and historical imagination skills, which raised each of them to the other one's level. Study results led to a number of conclusions, as well as recommendations and proposals that were appropriate